alexa Eplin-alpha expression in human breast cancer, the impact on cellular migration and clinical outcome.

Author(s): Jiang WG, Martin TA, LewisRussell JM, DouglasJones A, Ye L,

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: To investigate the expression of EPLIN-alpha, epithelial protein lost in neoplasm, in human breast cancer tissues/cells and investigate the cellular impact of EPLIN-alpha on breast cancer cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EPLIN-alpha was determined in tumour (n = 120) and normal mammary tissues (n = 32), and cancer cell lines (n = 16). Cell invasion, in vitro and in vivo growth of cells transfected with EPLIN-alpha were evaluated using in vitro invasion assay, in vitro and in vivo tumour model. Cellular migration was analysed using Electric Cell Impedance Sensing assays. RESULTS: Low level of EPLIN-alpha was seen in tumour tissues. Grade-2/3 tumours had significantly lower levels of EPLIN-alpha compared with grade-1 (p = 0.047 and p = 0.046 vs grade-1, respectively). Patients with poor prognosis had a significantly lower levels of EPLIN-alpha compared with those with good prognosis (p = 0.0081). Patients who developed recurrence and died of breast cancer had significantly lower levels of EPLIN-alpha compared with those who remained disease free (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.0008, respectively) (median follow-up 10 years). Patients with high levels of EPLIN-alpha transcript had a longer survival than those with low levels. Over-expression of EPLIN-alpha in breast cancer cells by way of transfection rendered cells less invasive, less motile and growing at a slower pace in vitro and in vivo. An ERK inhibitor was shown to be able to abolish the effect of EPLIN expression. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that expression of EPLIN-alpha in breast cancer is down-regulated in breast cancer cells and tissues, a change linked to the prognosis. EPLIN-alpha acts as a potential tumour suppressor by inhibition of growth and migration of cancer cells.
This article was published in Mol Cancer and referenced in

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