alexa Epstein-Barr virus-targeted therapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): Stoker SD, Novali Z, Wildeman MA, Huitema AD, Verkuijlen SA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Despite successful primary treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), the incidence of distant metastasis remains 25-34 \%. Treatment options are limited, and survival is poor. Intratumoural Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was used as treatment target. In NPC, EBV is present in a latent state, expressing only few non-immunogenic viral products. Gemcitabine and valproic acid can trigger EBV to the lytic state, wherein viral kinases are expressed, making EBV-positive tumour cells susceptible for antiviral therapy with, i.e. valganciclovir, and inducing an EBV-specific immune response. METHODS: This drug combination was applied in eight patients with EBV-positive NPC, refractory to conventional treatment. The primary endpoints were safety, tolerability and clinical response. Secondary endpoint was to get proof of concept based on biomarkers, i.e. pharmacokinetics, EBV-DNA load in whole blood and nasopharyngeal brushes, EBV-RNA profiling for proof of lytic induction, EBV-IgG and EBV-IgA levels and diversity and EBV-specific T cell response. RESULTS: The best observed clinical response was partial in two patients (25 \%) and stable disease in three patients (37.5 \%). The median survival was 9 months (95 \% confidence interval 7-17 months). Effective dose levels were reached. Peaking of EBV-DNA loads in blood and brush proved the biological effect on EBV during most treatment cycles. In one patient, RNA profiling confirmed lytic EBV induction. EBV-IgG and EBV-IgA antibody levels were already high before treatment and did not change during treatment. No changes in EBV-specific T cell response were detected. CONCLUSION: The treatment was safe with manageable side effects, clinical response was observed, and viral activation corroborated. This article was published in J Cancer Res Clin Oncol and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version