Author(s): Dang VB, Doan HD, DangVu T, Lohi A
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Abstract Biosorption equilibrium and kinetics of Cd(2+) and Cu(2+) ions on wheat straw, Triticum aestivum, in an aqueous system were investigated. Among the models tested, namely the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms, the biosorption equilibrium for both Cd(2+) and Cu(2+) was best described by the Langmuir model. The Langmuir biosorption capacity for Cd(2+) was about 27\% higher than that for Cu(2+). It was also found that biosorption of Cd(2+) and Cu(2+) by wheat straw followed second-order kinetics. The equilibrium amount of metal ions adsorbed onto the wheat straw increased with increasing of pH from 4.0 to 7.0, and the effect was more pronounced for Cd(2+) than for Cu(2+). The equilibrium adsorbed amount also increased with the initial concentration of the metal ions, as expected. On the other hand, an increase of temperature from 25 to 30 degrees C only enhanced the biosorption of Cd(2+) and Cu(2+) slightly. The apparent temperature independence and the strong pH dependence of the amount of metal ions adsorbed along with moderate mean free energies of biosorption (between 8.0 and 12.9 kJ mol(-1)) altogether indicate that biosorption of Cd(2+) and Cu(2+) by wheat straw might follow a chemisorption mechanism.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research