alexa ERBB receptor tyrosine kinases and cellular radiation responses.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): SchmidtUllrich RK, Contessa JN, Lammering G, Amorino G, Lin PS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Ionizing radiation induces in autocrine growth-regulated carcinoma and malignant glioma cells powerful cytoprotective responses that confer relative resistance to consecutive radiation exposures. Understanding the mechanisms of these responses should provide new molecular targets for tumor radiosensitization. ERBB and other receptor Tyr kinases have been identified as immediate early response gene products that are activated by radiation within minutes, as by their physiological growth factor ligands, and induce secondary stimulation of cytoplasmic protein kinase cascades. The simultaneous activation of all receptor Tyr kinases and nonreceptor Tyr kinases leads to complex cytoprotective responses including increased cell proliferation, reduced apoptosis and enhanced DNA repair. Since these responses contribute to cellular radioresistance, ERBB1, the most extensively studied ERBB receptor, is examined as a target for tumor cell radiosensitization. The three methods of ERBB1 inhibition include blockade of growth factor binding by monoclonal antibody against the ligand-binding domain, inhibition of the receptor Tyr kinase-mediating receptor activation, and overexpression of a dominant-negative epidermal growth factor receptor-CD533 that lacks the COOH-terminal 533 amino acids and forms nonfunctional heterodimeric complexes with wild-type receptors. All the three approaches enhance radiation toxicity in vitro and in vivo. The different mechanisms of inhibition have contributed to the understanding of cellular responses to radiation, vary in relative effectiveness and pose different challenges for translation. This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords