alexa ErbB-2 inhibition activates Notch-1 and sensitizes breast cancer cells to a gamma-secretase inhibitor.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Osipo C, Patel P, Rizzo P, Clementz AG, Hao L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract ErbB-2 overexpression in breast tumors is associated with poor survival. Expression of Notch-1 and its ligand, Jagged-1, is associated with the poorest survival, including ErbB-2-positive tumors. Trastuzumab plus chemotherapy is the standard of care for ErbB-2-positive breast cancer. A proportion of tumors are initially resistant to trastuzumab and acquired resistance to trastuzumab occurs in metastatic breast cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. Thus, we investigated whether Notch-1 contributes to trastuzumab resistance. ErbB-2-positive cells have low Notch transcriptional activity compared to non-overexpressing cells. Trastuzumab or a dual epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ErbB-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) increased Notch activity by 2- to 6-fold in SKBr3, BT474 and MCF-7/HER2-18 cells. The increase in activity was abrogated by a Notch inhibitor, gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) or Notch-1 small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Trastuzumab decreased Notch-1trade mark precursor, increased amount and nuclear accumulation of active Notch-1(IC) and increased expression of targets, Hey1 and Deltex1 mRNAs, and Hes5, Hey1, Hes1 proteins. Importantly, trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells treated with trastuzumab for 6 months expressed twofold higher Notch-1, twofold higher Hey1, ninefold higher Deltex1 mRNAs and threefold higher Notch-1 and Hes5 proteins, compared to trastuzumab-sensitive BT474 cells. The increase in Hey1 and Deltex1 mRNAs in resistant cells was abrogated by a Notch-1 siRNA. Cell proliferation was inhibited more effectively by trastuzumab or TKI plus a GSI than either agent alone. Decreased Notch-1 by siRNA increased efficacy of trastuzumab in BT474 sensitive cells and restored sensitivity in resistant cells. Trastuzumab plus a GSI increased apoptosis in sensitive cells by 20-30\%. A GSI alone was sufficient to increase apoptosis in trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells by 20\%, which increased to 30\% with trastuzumab. Notch-1 siRNA alone decreased cell growth by 30\% in sensitive and more than 50\% in resistant BT474 cells. Furthermore, growth of both trastuzumab sensitive and resistant cells was completely inhibited by combining trastuzumab plus Notch-1 siRNA. More importantly, Notch-1 siRNA or a GSI resensitized trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells to trastuzumab. These results demonstrate that ErbB-2 overexpression suppresses Notch-1 activity, which can be reversed by trastuzumab or TKI. These results suggest that Notch-1 might play a novel role in resistance to trastuzumab, which could be prevented or reversed by inhibiting Notch-1. This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords