Author(s): Rianthavorn P, Boonyapapong P
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is related to erythropoietin resistance in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ergocalciferol on the dose of erythrocyte-stimulating agent (ESA) administered to children with CKD stage 5 and vitamin D insufficiency. METHODS: Twenty patients aged <18 years with CKD stages 5 or 5D and vitamin D insufficiency were divided into two groups. During the 12-week study, ten patients received oral ergocalciferol (treatment) whereas the other ten patients did not (control). The ESA dosage was recorded monthly. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in demographic data, ESA dosages, and laboratory data, including corrected calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, hemoglobin, ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D), and transferrin saturation levels, between the two groups at baseline. At the completion of the study, serum 25D levels in the treatment group were significantly increased from baseline (p = 0.02) and were significantly higher than the serum 25D levels in the controls (p < 0.005). The ESA dosage in the treatment group was significantly decreased when compared to baseline (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency should be routinely detected and treated. Our results show that the administration of ergocalciferol in conjunction with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 reduced the dose of ESA required to treat children with CKD stages 5 and 5D and may decrease erythropoietin resistance.
This article was published in Pediatr Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology