Author(s): Ford DA, Sharp JA, Rovetto MJ
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Abstract On the basis of observations of adenosine-Ca2+ competition, we assessed the effects on erythrocyte adenosine transport of Ca2+ channel antagonists, mono- and divalent cations, and Cl- and Cl- transport inhibitors. The Ca2+ channel antagonists, diltiazem and verapamil, competitively inhibited adenosine influx (Ki = 158 +/- 17.4 and 13.5 +/- 1.3 microM at 10 microM adenosine, respectively), despite no apparent effect on transport by Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, or K+. Verapamil also inhibited uridine efflux (Ki = 1.7 +/- 0.3 microM at 84-100 microM intracellular uridine). The absence of Cl- decreased adenosine influx rates from 0.615 +/- 0.013 to 0.386 +/- 0.008 nmol X s-1 X ml intracellular H2O-1. The Cl- transport inhibitors, diisothiocyanostilbene disulfonate (10 microM), furosemide (1 mM), and NO-3 (145 mM), decreased adenosine influx rates to 0.301 +/- 0.008, 0.325 +/- 0.013, and 0.430 +/- 0.009 nmol X s-1 X ml intracellular H2O-1, respectively. These studies indicate that the Ca2+ channel antagonists inhibit adenosine release and uptake and therefore may modulate adenosine-mediated events. Additionally, they suggest that adenosine and anion transport systems are linked or share common features.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research