Author(s): Scott LJ, Dunn CJ, Mallarkey G, Sharpe M
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Abstract Esomeprazole (S-isomer of omeprazole), the first single optical isomer proton pump inhibitor, generally provides better acid control than current racemic proton pump inhibitors and has a favourable pharmacokinetic profile relative to omeprazole. In a large well designed 8-week trial in patients (n >5000) with erosive oesophagitis, esomeprazole recipients achieved significantly higher rates of endoscopically confirmed healed oesophagitis than those receiving lansoprazole. Respective healed oesophagitis rates with once-daily esomeprazole 40mg or lansoprazole 30mg were 92.6 and 88.8\%. Overall, esomeprazole was also better than omeprazole, although these differences were not always statistically significance. Ninety-two to 94\% of esomeprazole recipients (40mg once daily) achieved healed oesophagitis versus 84 to 90\% of omeprazole recipients (20mg once daily). Esomeprazole was effective across all baseline grades of oesophagitis; notably, relative to lansoprazole, as baseline severity of disease increased, the difference in rates of healed oesophagitis also increased in favour of esomeprazole. Resolution of heartburn was also significantly better with esomeprazole 40mg than with these racemic proton pump inhibitors. Long-term (up to 12 months) therapy with esomeprazole effectively maintained healing in these patients. Once-daily esomeprazole 20 or 40mg for 4 weeks resolved symptoms in patients with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) without oesophagitis. Symptoms were effectively managed in the long-term with symptom-driven on-demand esomeprazole (20 or 40mg once daily). Eradicating Helicobacter pylori infection is considered pivotal to successfully managing duodenal ulcer disease. Seven days' treatment (twice-daily esomeprazole 20mg plus amoxicillin 1g and clarithromycin 500mg) eradicated H. pylori in >/=86\% of patients (intention-to-treat), a rate that was similar to equivalent omeprazole-based regimens. Esomeprazole is generally well tolerated, both as monotherapy and in combination with antimicrobial agents, with a tolerability profile similar to that of other proton pump inhibitors. Few patients discontinued therapy because of treatment-emergent adverse events (<3\% of patients), with very few (<1\%) drug-related serious adverse events reported. CONCLUSIONS: Esomeprazole is an effective, well tolerated treatment for managing GORD and for eradicating H. pylori infection in patients with duodenal ulcer disease. In 8-week double-blind trials, esomeprazole healed oesophagitis and resolved symptoms in patients with endoscopically confirmed erosive oesophagitis and overall, provided better efficacy than omeprazole. Notably, in a large (n >5000 patients) double-blind trial, esomeprazole 40mg provided significantly better efficacy than lansoprazole in terms of healing rates and resolution of symptoms. Long-term therapy with esomeprazole maintained healed oesophagitis in these patients. Esomeprazole also proved beneficial in patients with symptomatic GORD without oesophagitis. Thus, esomeprazole has emerged as an option for first-line therapy in the management of acid-related disorders.
This article was published in Drugs
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability