alexa Esophageal tuberculosis: is it so rare? Report of 12 cases and review of the literature.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Jain SK, Jain S, Jain M, Yaduvanshi A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Mycobacterial involvement of the esophagus is rare in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts with advanced pulmonary tuberculosis, even in countries with high prevalence rates like India. Most of the reported cases of esophageal tuberculosis (ET) are secondary to tuberculosis elsewhere in the body, most commonly pulmonary tuberculosis. Very few cases of isolated or primary ET have been reported, and most of them have been from developing countries. The upsurge in reported cases of tuberculosis linked to the AIDS epidemic has increased the incidence of this infection in developed countries also. Our aim is to study tuberculosis as an etiological factor in the causation of dysphagia, the role of cytology and histopathology in establishing its diagnosis, and the outcome of antitubercular treatment in these patients. METHODS: A hospital-based, retrospective study was performed. We reviewed records of all of the patients who underwent upper GI endoscopic examination for complaints of persistent dysphagia (>6 wk) in a tertiary care hospital in India between 1995 and 1999. Patients with abnormal endoscopic findings were subjected to endoscopic fine needle aspiration/brush cytology and biopsies. Those with pathological findings suggestive of tuberculosis were treated with antitubercular therapy. RESULTS: Tubercular involvement of the esophagus, confirmed by pathological examination, was found in 12 patients. They constituted 0.5\% of all patients with persistent dysphagia, and 1.3\% of all patients having abnormal esophagoscopic findings. Cytological examination provided a very useful diagnostic parameter in detection of these cases. Patients diagnosed as having ET responded well to antitubercular therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculosis as a causative factor for dysphagia should be considered in developing countries with high incidences of tuberculosis and in immunocompromised hosts. Detection of these cases by careful examination of cytological smears and biopsies and treatment with standard antitubercular therapy appear effective. This article was published in Am J Gastroenterol and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ishfaq A Bukhari
    Protective Effect of Diltiazem and Fenofibrate Against Ischemia-reperfusion Induced Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Isolated Rat Heart.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Vladimir E. Bondarenko
    Mathematical model of β1-adrenergic signaling in mouse ventricular myocytes as an in silico tool for the cardiovascular drug test
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Zamaneh Kassiri
    Loss of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (Timp3) leads to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
    PDF Version
  • Antonio Ferrari
    Spontaneous Ventricular Arrhythmias in Early Clinical Trials A Report from a Single and Repeated Ascending Dose Study
    PDF Version
  • Mohamed Chahine
    A novel mechanism of an SCN5A mutation causing mixed arrhythmias associated with dilated cardiomyopathy
    PDF Version
  • Saverio Gentile
    Ion channels phosphorylopathy: 3rd International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology April 15-17, 2013 A link between genomic variations and heart arrhythmia
    PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords