alexa ESR study of camphorquinone amine photoinitiator systems using blue light-emitting diodes.



Author(s): Teshima W, Nomura Y, Tanaka N, Urabe H, Okazaki M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract New light-activation units equipped with high-illuminant blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have recently been proposed as a replacement for the halogen units that are widely used in dentistry to polymerize light-cured resins. The photoinitiators in light-cured dental resins, typified by the camphorquinone (CQ)/amine photoinitiator system, generate primary radicals with light irradiation that attack the double bonds of resin monomers. The physical properties of the cured resins are affected by the generation of primary radicals during the initial stage of polymerization. This study examined two types of photoinitiator systems, CQ/DMPT and CQ/DMAEMA, and three types of curing units, a new LED unit and two conventional halogen units. The primary radicals generated by irradiation were quantified using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy with a trapping method, using phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone as the trapping agent. The energy efficiencies of the LED and halogen units were compared by quantifying the generated radicals and emitted light energy (J/cm(2)). The energy required to generate a given amount of radicals using the LED unit was smaller than that using the halogen units (p<0.05). These results suggest that the new LED unit performs better than conventional halogen units with respect to light energy.
This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version