alexa ESR1 in myocardial infarction.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Bioenergetics: Open Access

Author(s): PuzianowskaKunicka M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Women live longer than men; this can be attributed in part to the function of estrogens. In premenopausal women 17β-estradiol (E2) is produced mainly by the ovaries. Extra-ovarian sources of this hormone comprise adipose tissue, breast tissue, bone, leukocytes, heart, testes, prostate, adrenal tissues, and some brain structures. E2 exerts the majority of its biological functions by interacting with the nuclear receptors ERα and ERβ, encoded by the ESR1 and ESR2 genes, respectively. The genomic mechanism of ER action is the regulation of the activity of target genes. In addition, E2 induces rapid cellular effects in transcription-independent, non-genomic mechanisms, acting via receptors localized in the plasma membrane, in the cytoplasm, and in the mitochondria. Notably, ERα commonly serves as an extra-nuclear receptor of E2. In wild type animal models of cardiac ischemia ERα activation reduces infarct size, apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, inflammation, and oxidative stress, induces vasodilatation and increases neovascularization. The cardioprotective role of ERα in human is not fully elucidated. An individual with disruptive ESR1 mutation had dysfunctional epithelium and suffered from early cardiovascular disease. An association of the common ESR1 -397T>C and -351A>G polymorphisms and of other polymorphisms with cardiovascular disease and with myocardial infarction is still not firmly established. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Clin Chim Acta and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords