Author(s): Yamaguchi M, Hayashi Y, Matsukage A
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Abstract We have found sequences similar to the transcription factor E2F recognition site within the Drosophila proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) gene promoter. These sequences are located at positions -43 to -36 (site I). and -56 to -49 (site II) with respect to the cap site Glutathione S-transferase (GST)-E2F and GST-DP fusion proteins cooperate and bind to the potential E2F sites in the PCNA promoter in vitro. A binding factor(s) to these sequences that has similar binding specificity to that of E2F was detected in nuclear extracts of Drosophila Kc cells. Furthermore, transient expression of target site for the activation coincided with the E2F sites. These results indicate that the PCNA gene is a likely target gene of E2F. Examination of lacZ expression from PCNA-lacZ fusion genes carrying mutations in either or both of two E2F sites introduced into flies by germ line transformation revealed that site II plays a major role in the PCNA promoter activity during embryogenesis and larval development, although both sites are required for optimal promoter activity. However, for maternal expression in ovaries, either one of the two sites is essentially sufficient to direct optimal promoter activity. These results demonstrate, for the first time, an essential role for E2F sites in regulation of PCNA promoter activity during development of a multicellular organism.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology