alexa Essential role of the prion protein N terminus in subcellular trafficking and half-life of cellular prion protein.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Nunziante M, Gilch S, Schtzl HM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Aberrant metabolism and conformational alterations of the cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) are the underlying causes of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in humans and animals. In cells, PrP(c) is modified post-translationally and transported along the secretory pathway to the plasma membrane, where it is attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor. In surface biotinylation assays we observed that deletions within the unstructured N terminus of murine PrP(c) led to a significant reduction of internalization of PrP after transfection of murine neuroblastoma cells. Truncation of the entire N terminus most significantly inhibited internalization of PrP(c). The same deletions caused a significant prolongation of cellular half-life of PrP(c) and a delay in the transport through the secretory pathway to the cell surface. There was no difference in the glycosylation kinetics, indicating that all PrP constructs equally passed endoplasmic reticulum-based cellular quality control. Addition of the N terminus of the Xenopus laevis PrP, which does not encode a copper-binding repeat element, to N-terminally truncated mouse PrP restored the wild type phenotype. These results provide deeper insight into the life cycle of the PrP(c), raising the novel possibility of a targeting function of its N-proximal part by interacting with the secretory and the endocytic machinery. They also indicate the conservation of this targeting property in evolution. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords