Author(s): Suzuki M, Ishikawa H, Kawakami M, Nakahara T, Tanaka A,
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Abstract Myoepithelioma is an extremely rare condition that accounts for 1-1.5 \% of salivary gland tumors. It was formerly regarded as a subtype of pleomorphic adenoma, in which myoepithelial structural components predominated, but was listed as a separate disease entity in the 1991 World Health Organization classification (Seifert in Histological typing of salivary gland tumours. Springer, Berlin, 1991). Its histology is highly varied and recurrence is frequent (El-Naggar et al. in J Larygol Otol 103:1192-1197, 1989), with cases of malignant transformation having been reported (Seifert in Histological typing of salivary gland tumours. Springer, Berlin, 1991; Barnes et al. in Pathology and Genetics of head and neck tumours. IARC Press, Lyon, 2005), making this a difficult tumor to control in many cases. This is thought to be due to the multiple differentiation potential of myoepithelial cells, but the details are unknown. There have been a number of reports of the establishment of cell lines (Shirasuna et al. Cancer. 45:297-305, 1980; Jaeger et al. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 84:663-667, 1997), but numerous points remain unclear. We established a myoepithelial cell line designated METON, and investigated its characteristics. METON consists of cells with two different morphologies: spindle-shaped cells and epithelial-like cells. Then. we also used single-cell cloning method to establish various subclones (epithelial-like, spindle-like, and mixed epithelial-like/spindle-like cell lines). Among these, pluripotency markers were expressed by the mixed epithelial-like/spindle-like cell lines. The newly established cell line expressing these pluripotency markers will be extremely useful for elucidating the diverse histologies of salivary gland tumors.
This article was published in Hum Cell
and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research