Author(s): Rush EC, Puniani K, Valencia ME, Davies PS, Plank LD
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare percentage body fat (\%BF) for a given body mass index (BMI) among New Zealand European, Maori and Pacific Island children. To develop prediction equations based on bioimpedance measurements for the estimation of fat-free mass (FFM) appropriate to children in these three ethnic groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Purposive sampling of schoolchildren aimed at recruiting three children of each sex and ethnicity for each year of age. Double cross-validation of FFM prediction equations developed by multiple regression. SETTING: Local schools in Auckland. SUBJECTS: Healthy European, Maori and Pacific Island children (n=172, 83 M, 89 F, mean age 9.4+/-2.8(s.d.), range 5-14 y). MEASUREMENTS: Height, weight, age, sex and ethnicity were recorded. FFM was derived from measurements of total body water by deuterium dilution and resistance and reactance were measured by bioimpedance analysis. RESULTS: For fixed BMI, the Maori and Pacific Island girls averaged 3.7\% lower \%BF than European girls. For boys a similar relation was not found since BMI did not significantly influence \%BF of European boys (P=0.18). Based on bioimpedance measurements a single prediction equation was developed for all children: FFM (kg)=0.622 height (cm)(2)/resistance+0.234 weight (kg)+1.166, R(2)=0.96, s.e.e.=2.44 kg. Ethnicity, age and sex were not significant predictors. CONCLUSIONS: A robust equation for estimation of FFM in New Zealand European, Maori and Pacific Island children in the 5-14 y age range that is more suitable than BMI for the determination of body fatness in field studies has been developed.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy