alexa Estimation of mortality and morbidity due to strokes in India.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies

Author(s): Anand K, Chowdhury D, Singh KB, Pandav CS, Kapoor SK

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Abstract In order to control the stroke problem, its magnitude should be assessed. India is ranked among the countries where the information on stroke is minimal. We decided to review the information available in order to estimate the mortality and morbidity due to stroke in India. Information was collected through electronic search, hand search and contact with experts. Each article was reviewed for relevance and epidemiological rigor. The demographic data were as derived from published government figures. The prevalence from individual studies was pooled and weighted based on sample size. Analysis was done separately for males and females at 10-year intervals (20 years onwards). A total of 7 studies was located, but 2 were discarded. All were done in rural areas except 2 which also included urban areas. The prevalence was estimated as 203 per 100,000 population above 20 years amounting to a total of about 1 million cases. The male to female ratio was 1.7. Around 12\% of all strokes occurred in population below 40 years. The estimation of stroke mortality was seriously limited by the method of classification of cause of death in the country. The best estimate derived was 102,000 deaths; which represented 1.2\% of total deaths in the country. There is need to initiate steps to collect data on morbidity and mortality due to stroke in the country as a first step towards control measures. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel This article was published in Neuroepidemiology and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies

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