Author(s): Furlanetto TW, Nunes RB Jr, Sopelsa AM, Maciel RM
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Abstract Estradiol has well-known indirect effects on the thyroid. A direct effect of estradiol on thyroid follicular cells, increasing cell growth and reducing the expression of the sodium-iodide symporter gene, has been recently reported. The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of estradiol on iodide uptake by thyroid follicular cells, using FRTL-5 cells as a model. Estradiol decreased basal iodide uptake by FRTL-5 cells from control levels of 2.490 +/- 0.370 to 2.085 +/- 0.364 pmol I-/microg DNA at 1 ng/ml (P<0.02), to 1.970 +/- 0.302 pmol I-/microg DNA at 10 ng/ml (P<0.003), and to 2.038 +/- 0.389 pmol I-/microg DNA at 100 ng/ml (P<0.02). In addition, 4 ng/ml estradiol decreased iodide uptake induced by 0.02 mIU/ml thyrotropin from 8.678 +/- 0.408 to 7.312 +/- 0.506 pmol I-/microg DNA (P<0.02). A decrease in iodide uptake by thyroid cells caused by estradiol has not been described previously and may have a role in goiter pathogenesis.
This article was published in Braz J Med Biol Res
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research