alexa Ethanol inhibition of insulin signaling in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Banerjee K, Mohr L, Wands JR, de la Monte SM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Chronic ethanol toxicity impairs liver regeneration, inhibits DNA synthesis, and mutes cellular responses to growth factor stimulation. Previous studies demonstrated that the adverse effects of ethanol are mediated by inhibition of tyrosyl phosphorylation of the insulin receptor and the insulin receptor substrate-type 1 (IRS-1). However, overexpression of IRS-1 leads to increased DNA synthesis and cellular transformation due to constitutive activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. The present study examines the effects of ethanol on insulin signaling through IRS-1 in FOCUS hepatocellular carcinoma cells, which overexpress IRS-1, to determine whether such cells were resistant to the inhibitory effects of ethanol. The results demonstrated that ethanol treatment (100 mM) caused 30 to 50\% reductions in the levels of insulin-stimulated tyrosyl phosphorylation of the insulin receptor beta-subunit, tyrosyl phosphorylation of IRS-1, phosphorylation of Erk2, association of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase with tyrosyl-phosphorylated IRS-1, and MAP kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase activities. In contrast, ethanol treatment had no effect on epidermal growth factor-stimulated tyrosyl phosphorylation of Shc. Corresponding with the pronounced inhibition of MAP kinase, ethanol treatment resulted in 30 to 50\% reductions in the expression levels of two important insulin-responsive genes: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The findings suggest that, in FOCUS hepatocellular carcinoma cells, which overexpress IRS-1, ethanol treatment substantially inhibits IRS-1 and MAP kinase signaling and growth-associated gene expression, but has no effect on Shc phosphorylation, which activates p21ras through an IRS-1 independent pathway.
This article was published in Alcohol Clin Exp Res and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version