Author(s): Neuman MG, Shear NH, Cameron RG, Katz G, Tiribelli C, Neuman MG, Shear NH, Cameron RG, Katz G, Tiribelli C
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim is to study the apoptotic process in a human hepatocyte model for ethanol (EtOH)-induced apoptosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Normal human primary hepatocytes (HPH) and Hep G2 cells were exposed to increasing EtOH. 6000 cells/ sample were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Apoptotic cells were observed (mmol/L EtOH): 40: 6 +/-0.5\%, 60:13 +/- 2\% (p < 0.05), 80: 26 +/- 1\% (p < 0.001) (vs. control). Two consecutive doses of 80 mmol/L for 24 h each additionally increased apoptosis 55 +/- 3\% (p < 0.0001 vs. control and p < 0.001 vs. single dose). In response to this exposure, there is a stronger apoptotic activity in HPH when compared to Hep G2 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In vitro, EtOH-induced apoptosis is regulated by dose level and the frequency of exposure.
This article was published in Clin Biochem
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research