Author(s): Wood AJ, Zhou HH
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Abstract Interethnic differences are important factors accounting for interindividual variations in drug responsiveness. However, these differences in drug response have been a relatively neglected area of investigation, so that similar doses are prescribed to different ethnic populations without consideration of interethnic pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variation. With the increased recognition of genetically determined polymorphism in metabolising ability as an important factor in drug disposition, concern has developed for the importance of individualising drug dose to account for racial differences. The recognition of these differences in drug disposition and responses calls into question the failure of drug licensing authorities to demand information on dosage, efficacy and toxicity in different ethnic groups, and to accept data from limited ethnic groups such as Caucasians. This article reviews the evidence for ethnic differences in drug disposition and sensitivity and should encourage further investigations to elucidate the extent of such differences, their causes and their therapeutic impact.
This article was published in Clin Pharmacokinet
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability