alexa Ethnic variation in CYP2A6 and association of genetically slow nicotine metabolism and smoking in adult Caucasians.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Schoedel KA, Hoffmann EB, Rao Y, Sellers EM, Tyndale RF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Genetically variable CYP2A6 is the primary enzyme that inactivates nicotine to cotinine. Our objective was to investigate allele frequencies among five ethnic groups and to investigate the relationship between genetically slow nicotine metabolic inactivation and smoking status, cigarette consumption, age of first smoking and duration of smoking. Chinese, Japanese, Canadian Native Indian, African-North American and Caucasian DNA samples were assessed for CYP2A6 allelic frequencies (CYP2A6*1B-*12,*1x2). Adult Caucasian non-smokers (n = 224) (1-99 cigarettes/lifetime) and smokers (n = 375) (> or = 100 cigarettes/lifetime) were assessed for demographics, tobacco/drug use history and DSM-IV dependence and genotyped for CYP2A6 alleles associated with decreased nicotine metabolism (CYP2A6*2, CYP2A6*4, CYP2A6*9, CYP2A6*12). CYP2A6 allele frequencies varied substantially among the ethnic groups. The proportion of Caucasian slow nicotine inactivators was significantly lower in current, DSM-IV dependent smokers compared to non-smokers [7.0\% and 12.5\%, respectively, P = 0.03, odds ratio (OR) = 0.52; 95\% confidence interval (CI) 0.29-0.95]; non-dependent smokers showed similar results. Daily cigarette consumption (cigarettes/day) was significantly (P = 0.003) lower for slow (21.3; 95\% CI 17.4-25.2) compared to normal inactivators (28.2; 95\% CI 26.4-29.9); this was observed only in DSM-IV dependent smokers. Slow inactivators had a significantly (P = 0.03) lower age of first smoking compared to normal inactivators (13.0 years of age; 95\% CI 12.1-14.0 versus 14.2; 95\% CI 13.8-14.6), and a trend towards smoking for a shorter duration. This study demonstrates that slow nicotine inactivators are less likely to be adult smokers (dependent or non-dependent). Slow inactivators also smoked fewer cigarettes per day and had an earlier age of first smoking (only dependent smokers).
This article was published in Pharmacogenetics and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version