alexa Ethnopharmacological use of plants by Sisala traditional healers in northwest Ghana.
Medicine

Medicine

Alternative & Integrative Medicine

Author(s): Wodah D, Asase A, Wodah D, Asase A

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Abstract CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The Sisala traditional healers of northwest Ghana have a rich ethnomedical tradition. The purpose of this study was to collect and analyse data on medicinal plants commonly used by Sisala traditional healers. METHODS: A total of 30 traditional healers were interviewed using a mixture of open- and closed-ended questionnaires after obtaining prior-informed consent. Plant materials of each species of medicinal plant mentioned being used were collected and processed as voucher specimens following standard ethnobotanical methods. RESULTS: The majority (65\%) of traditional healers were males, age ≥ 38, and their knowledge about medicinal plants was acquired orally largely from their parents (81.3\%). A total of 35 species of plants were reported used to treat 24 diseases. Most (55\%) of the plant materials were harvested from the bush and about half (54.8\%) of the healers collected plant materials in the morning. Leaf (20\%) and root (17.5\%) plant materials were most commonly used in the preparation of 27 herbal remedies for treatments. The modes of administration of the herbal remedies were both through internal and external routes. CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that Sisala traditional healers possess rich traditional knowledge about medicinal plants and new therapeutic use claims for 34 medicinal plants used in Ghana and widely within Africa are documented for the first time. This article was published in Pharm Biol and referenced in Alternative & Integrative Medicine

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