Author(s): Rustemli A, Bhatti TK, Wolff SD
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Abstract The evaluation of patients with stroke includes identifying its etiology in order to appropriately tailor therapy. Currently, the diagnostic work-up includes imaging of the brain, the arteries of the head and neck, the aorta, and the heart. Traditional methods of imaging include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), duplex ultrasound, and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and/or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). While echocardiography remains a cornerstone in the field of cardiac imaging, MRI is increasingly able to assess for the most common causes of cardioembolic stroke such as left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombus, left ventricular thrombus, aortic atheroma, cardiac masses and patent foramen ovale. This review will focus on the advantages and limitations of echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in diagnosing patients suspected of having an embolic stroke and the role these modalities play in clinical practice today.
This article was published in Echocardiography
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy