Author(s): Dardour JC, Vilain R, Castro D
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The authors report a series of 67 patients presenting with 103 decubitus ulcers, treated between 1969 and 1977, and with a follow-up of one year or more. The majority of the patients were paraplegics, other etiologies being present in smaller numbers and raising different problems. They first studied the importance of the pre-and post-operative treatment. This was followed by study of the importance of different surgical techniques for each of the three localizations (sacral, ischial and trochanteric). They demonstrated the absolute need for surgical management, especially with paraplegic patients. Surgery alone allows rapid healing with a high success rate. While it does not, however, preclude any possibility of recurrence (whatever the technique used), it does at least allow the patient to live a normal life. The authors further emphasize the importance of the preoperative treatment, using the nutripump, and the postoperative treatment, using the pulsating air bed (in preference to the water bed). They consider the nutripump to be the most important breakthrough in this field, in recent years. As regards the different localizations, they consider muscle or musculocutaneous flaps to be the treatment of choice for ischial ulcers, but stress the need for wide ischiectomy and the excision of the bursa. In their experience, insufficient excision is a source of failure, even if the flap is good. Similarly, musculocutaneous flaps offer the best solution for trochanteric ulcers, but again, only accompanied by excision of the bursa. Recognition of coxofemoral arthritis is also essential, and no flap will take until this has been remedied. In the case of sacral ulcers, however, they prefer large rotation skin flaps, which allow further advancement in the event of recurrence. The association of two or three ulcers makes surgical management imperative because of the frequently severe undermining of the patient's general state of health. The treatment of two locations in a single stage is always preferable whenever it is feasible.
This article was published in Sem Hop
and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research