Author(s): Thorstensson R, Andersson S, Lindbck S, Dias F, Mhalu F, , Thorstensson R, Andersson S, Lindbck S, Dias F, Mhalu F,
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Abstract The performance of 14 commercially available HIV-1/2 antibody assays were compared using well-characterized serum panels containing in total 1500 1800 sera. The panels included consecutive HIV-negative blood donor sera from Sweden, unselected blood donor and patient sera from Tanzania and unselected sera from outpatient clinics in Guinea-Bissau. Furthermore selected HIV-1 antibody positive sera from Sweden and Tanzania and HIV-2 antibody positive sera from Guinea-Bissau were included in the panels. The HIV-1 antibody positive sera were from individuals at various stages of HIV infection, from primary infection, to asymptomatic phase and late stage disease. 12 of the 14 assays identified correctly all HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody positive sera. One Tanzanian HIV-1 antibody positive sample with complete banding pattern on Western blot was not detected by two of the ELISAs employing synthetic peptides. There were small differences in sensitivity between the assays when used for analysis of seroconversion panels. The most sensitive assay, Abbott IMx HIV-1/HIV-2 III Plus detected antibodies in all nine samples collected from four individuals during the first week after onset of symptoms of primary HIV-1 infection. Most of the assays became reactive during the second week after onset of symptoms and the least sensitive assays were reactive from the third week. The assays showed a high specificity ranging from 99.2 to 100\% when used for analysis of Swedish blood donor sera, while most of the assays showed a significantly lower specificity, 91.9-99.6\%, when used for testing African specimens.
This article was published in J Virol Methods
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research