alexa Evaluation of a commercial ELISA for detecting Norwalk-like virus antigen in faeces.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Richards AF, Lopman B, Gunn A, Curry A, Ellis D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A commercially available enzyme immunoassay, the IDEIA Norwalk-like virus (NLV) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; Dako Cytomation, Ely, UK) for detecting NLV antigen in faecal samples and determining the NLV genogroup was evaluated. The performance of the ELISA was compared with that of electron microscopy and the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction by testing a panel of faecal samples collected from patients involved in outbreaks of gastroenteritis. When compared with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the ELISA had a sensitivity and specificity of 55.5 and 98.3\%, respectively. This compares with a sensitivity and specificity for EM of 23.9 and 99.2\%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA for determining the aetiology of a Norwalk virus-like outbreak, based on two or more positive samples within an outbreak, were 52.2 and 100\% when two samples were collected from an outbreak and 71.4 and 100\% when six or more samples were collected. The ELISA correctly identified the NLV genogroups of viruses previously characterised by partial DNA sequencing. The ELISA is a suitable alternative to the preliminary screening by EM for investigating outbreaks of gastroenteritis. Outbreaks, negative by ELISA should be examined by RT-PCR in order to detect strains non-reactive in the assay and virus strains from representative ELISA positive outbreaks should be characterised fully to allow the genetic diversity of NLVs co-circulating in the population to be described.
This article was published in J Clin Virol and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords