Author(s): Hashimoto K, Miyamura K, Honda M
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The objective of this pilot study was to test the validity and reliability of a new scale, the Ability for Basic Movement Scale for Children Type T (ABMS-CT). METHODS: Forty-nine pediatric patients with disabilities (aged 1.00-15.17years; 29 males and 20 females) participated in this prospective study. To prove the validity and reliability of the ABMS-CT, subjects were administered the ABMS-CT by two physicians. In addition to the ABMS-CT score, data on age, diagnosis, and results of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) were recorded. RESULTS: Spearman's rank correlation coefficient analysis showed that the ability to perform basic movements according to the individual scores for each item on the ABMS-CT and the total scores of the ABMS-CT correlated significantly with the total scores of the motor and cognitive WeeFIM, respectively (r=0.753-0.892, p=0.0001). The five items on the ABMS-CT had appropriate internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.966). Inter-rater reliability analysis indicated that the "oral and facial area", "hands and fingers", "one leg", "both legs", and "stairs" items on the ABMS-CT had almost perfect reliability (κ=0.854-0.925). CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence for the validity and reliability of the ABMS-CT with regard to assessment of the functional ability for complex movements in disabled pediatric patients even if they can walk independently. Copyright © 2011 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Brain Dev
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics