Author(s): Regiec P, Nizankowska MH
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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate acquired color vision defects in glaucoma patients and glaucoma suspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 52 subjects (102 eyes) divided into four groups (with primary open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, ocular hypertension and with glaucoma-like optic disc) were examined with the IF-2 All-Color Anomaloscope. In all cases both the red-green equation of Rayleigh and the blue-green equation of Moreland were tested and three variables were determined: setting (matching) range (SR), calculated mid point (matching mid point) (CMP) and anomalous quotient (AQ) as compared to control group. RESULTS: No significant changes were found in the variables of the Rayleigh equation. However, in the blue-green equation SR was significantly enlarged in all tested groups and CMP was significantly shifted towards the short wavelength end of the match in first three groups. These results indicate a diminution of the color discriminating sensitivity in the short wavelength half of the visible spectrum and diminution of the blue cone sensitivity in glaucoma patients as well as in ocular hypertension (p < 0.001). In patients with glaucoma-like optic disc the setting range was enlarged in less degree (p < 0.01) without changes in the remaining variables (p > 0.05) what may be indicative of early stage of disease before the perimetric changes. CONCLUSION: Blue-green colour vision testing with the anomaloscope may serve as an additional test in the diagnostics of glaucoma. Glaucoma suspects with blue colour vision disturbances require the most careful investigation and if need be the recommendation of early treatment.
This article was published in Klin Oczna
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology