alexa Evaluation of an aldose reductase inhibitor on lens metabolism, ATPases and antioxidative defense in streptozotocin-diabetic rats: an intervention study.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Obrosova IG, Fathallah L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs) prevent biochemical abnormalities associated with diabetic complications. We evaluated whether a short-term intervention with an adequate dose of ARI, introduced at the very early, precataractous stage, reversed diabetes-induced metabolic imbalances, down-regulation of ATPases and oxidative stress in the lens. Methods. The groups included mature control and streptozotocin-diabetic rats treated with or without ARI sorbinil (65 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1), in the diet, for 2 weeks after 4 weeks of untreated diabetes). Free cytosolic NAD+:NADH and NADP+:NADPH ratios were calculated from the lactate dehydrogenase and malic enzyme systems. Concentrations of metabolites and adenine nucleotides, Na+/K+-ATPase, H+-ATPase and Ca++-independent Mg++-ATPase activities and variables of oxidative stress were measured in individual lenses. Results. Sorbinil treatment essentially corrected diabetes-induced sorbitol and fructose accumulation, myo-inositol depletion, decrease in free cytosolic NAD+:NADH ratio and energy deficiency. Malondialdehyde accumulation, reduced glutathione depletion and the increase in oxidized glutathione:reduced glutathione ratio were partially corrected. Free cytosolic NADP+:NADPH ratio and 4-hydroxyalkenal concentrations were similarly increased in diabetic rats treated with or without ARI. Sorbinil did not counteract diabetes-induced down-regulation of the three ATPase activities. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: All biochemical changes assessed in our study are known to be prevented by ARIs. Despite the essential normalization of the sorbitol pathway activity, only part of them were, however, reversed by the ARI treatment introduced at the very early, i.e. precataractous, stage of diabetes. Therefore, intervention studies can easily underestimate the importance of aldose reductase in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications and should be interpreted with caution. This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords