Author(s): Musthafa KS, Ravi AV, Annapoorani A, Packiavathy IS, Pandian SK
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Abstract BACKGROUND: To find out an alternative strategy to antibiotic usage against bacterial infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The purpose of this study is to describe the quorum-sensing (QS) inhibitory activity of edible plants and fruits against N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL)-mediated violacein production in Chromobacterium violaceum and virulence factor expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. RESULTS: Aqueous extracts of Ananas comosus (Bromeliaceae), Musa paradiciaca (Musaceae), Manilkara zapota (Sapotaceae) and Ocimum sanctum (Lamiaceae) were prepared and anti-QS activity of each extract was tested against AHL-mediated phenotypic expressions of C. violaceum and PAO1. Most of these extracts showed significant reduction in AHL-mediated violacein production in C. violaceum as well as pyocyanin pigment, staphylolytic protease, elastase production and biofilm formation in PAO1. However, these extracts were not inhibitory to bacterial growth, revealing that the QS inhibition by the extracts is not related to static or killing effects on the bacteria. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified the anti-QS activity of A. comosus, M. paradiciaca, M. zapota and O. sanctum. An AHL-inactivating compound from these plant sources can be used as an alternative to antibiotic compounds to prevent AHL-mediated bacterial infection in higher organisms. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Chemotherapy
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology