alexa Evaluation of antiretroviral therapy results in a resource-poor setting in Blantyre, Malawi.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): van Oosterhout JJ, Bodasing N, Kumwenda JJ, Nyirenda C, Mallewa J, , van Oosterhout JJ, Bodasing N, Kumwenda JJ, Nyirenda C, Mallewa J,

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment results of the paying antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic of Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, a large public and teaching hospital in Blantyre, Malawi. The only ART was a fixed drug combination of stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine. METHODS: Cross sectional study with interviews, laboratory tests (CD4 count, viral load, nevirapine plasma levels, transaminases) and data extraction from files. RESULTS: A total of 422 (59\%) of the patients who started ART since 2000 were lost to follow-up. The 176 patients enrolled in the study had good virological and excellent clinical treatment results. The most common side effect was peripheral neuropathy. Nevirapine plasma levels were remarkably high and associated with successful virological treatment results. Two simple adherence questions pertaining to the use of medication in the previous 8 days corresponded well with nevirapine levels. The most important reasons for non-adherence were shortage of drugs in the hospital pharmacy and personal financial constraints. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Many patients were lost to follow-up. (2) High nevirapine levels contributed to good therapy results in those studied. (3) Simple adherence questions predicted subtherapeutic nevirapine levels. (4) Antiretroviral drug supply needs to be uninterrupted and free of charge, to prevent avoidable non-adherence. This article was published in Trop Med Int Health and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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