Author(s): Santos DA, Hamdan JS
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Abstract Fifty clinical isolates of Trichophyton rubrum were selected to test with ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, griseofulvin, and terbinafine by following the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards susceptibility testing guidelines for filamentous fungi (M38-A). In addition, other susceptibility testing conditions were evaluated: (i) three medium formulations including RPMI 1640 (standard medium), McVeigh & Morton (MVM), and Sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB); (ii) two incubation temperatures (28 and 35 degrees C); and (iii) three incubation periods (4, 7, and 10 days). The strains Candida parapsilosis (ATCC 22019), Candida krusei (ATCC 6258), T. rubrum (ATCC 40051), and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (ATCC 40004) were included as quality controls. All isolates produced clearly detectable growth only after 7 days of incubation. MICs were significantly independent of the incubation temperature (28 or 35 degrees C) (P < 0.05). Different incubation periods resulted in MICs which were consistently different for each medium when azoles and griseofulvin were tested (P < 0.05). MICs obtained from different media at the same incubation time for the same isolate were significantly different when azoles and griseofulvin were tested (P < 0.05). MICs were consistently higher (usually 1 to 2 dilutions) with RPMI than with MVM or SDB (P < 0.05). When terbinafine was tested, no parameter had any influence on MICs (P < 0.05). RPMI standard medium appears to be a suitable testing medium for determining the MICs for T. rubrum. MICs obtained at different incubation times need to be correlated with clinical outcome to demonstrate which time has better reliability.
This article was published in J Clin Microbiol
and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access