alexa Evaluation of cytochrome P450 probe substrates commonly used by the pharmaceutical industry to study in vitro drug interactions.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Applied Pharmacy

Author(s): Yuan R, Madani S, Wei XX, Reynolds K, Huang SM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Pharmaceutical industry investigators routinely evaluate the potential for a new drug to modify cytochrome p450 (p450) activities by determining the effect of the drug on in vitro probe reactions that represent activity of specific p450 enzymes. The in vitro findings obtained with one probe substrate are usually extrapolated to the compound's potential to affect all substrates of the same enzyme. Due to this practice, it is important to use the right probe substrate and to conduct the experiment under optimal conditions. Surveys conducted by reviewers in CDER indicated that the most common in vitro probe reactions used by industry investigators include the following: phenacetin O-deethylation for CYP1A2, coumarin 7-hydroxylation for CYP2A6, 7-ethoxy-4-trifluoromethyl coumarin O-dealkylation for CYP2B6, tolbutamide 4'-hydroxylation for CYP2C9, S-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylation for CYP2C19, bufuralol 1'-hydroxylation for CYP2D6, chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylation for CYP2E1, and testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylation for CYP3A4. We reviewed the validation information in the literature on these reactions and other frequently used reactions, including caffeine N3-demethylation for CYP1A2, S-mephenytoin N-demethylation for CYP2B6, S-warfarin 7'-hydroxylation for CYP2C9, dextromethorphan O-demethylation for CYP2D6, and midazolam 1'-hydroxylation for CYP3A4. The available information indicates that we need to continue the search for better probe substrates for some enzymes. For CYP3A4-based drug interactions it may be necessary to evaluate two or more probe substrates. In many cases, the probe reaction represents a particular enzyme activity only under specific experimental conditions. Investigators must consider appropriateness of probe substrates and experimental conditions when conducting in vitro drug interaction studies and when extrapolating the results to in vivo situations.
This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos and referenced in Journal of Applied Pharmacy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords