Author(s): Xiao J, Zhang H, Niu L, Wang X, Lu X
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Abstract The Jatropha curcas meal was detoxified by different methods, and the effect of detoxification was evaluated in this study. The method that hydrolysis of enzymes (cellulase plus pectinase) followed by washing with ethanol (65\%) had a significant (p < 0.05) effect on the toxin, antinutritional components, and nutritional quality of proteins. After this treatment, the phorbolesters (PEs) were decreased by 100\%. The antinutritional components (phytates, tannins, saponins, protease inhibitor, and lectin activities) were decreased to tolerable levels, which were lower than those in soybean meal. The crude protein in detoxified meal was 74.68\%, and the total content of amino acids was 66.87 g/100 g of dry matter. The in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) increased from 82.14 to 92.37\%. The pepsin-insoluble nitrogen was only 4.57\% of the total nitrogen, and about 90\% of the protein was true protein. The protein-digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) of the meal was 0.75. The results showed that this treatment was a promising way to detoxify J. curcas meal, and the nutritional quality of detoxified meal can be simultaneously enriched and improved.
This article was published in J Agric Food Chem
and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering