alexa Evaluation of ecological disturbance and intrinsic bioremediation potential of pulp mill-contaminated lake sediment using key enzymes as probes.


Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Wittmann C, Suominen KP, SalkinojaSalonen MS

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Abstract A rapid protocol was developed to measure 10 different enzymic activities from a large number of 1-cm-sliced freshly collected lake sediments. Layers heavily polluted by organic halogens (4900 mg Cl kg(-1)) revealed severe depression of phosphatase, sulfatase, leucine-aminopeptidase, chitinase, acetate esterase and butyrate esterase activities as compared to layers above and below the most polluted zone. alpha-Glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-xylosidase and palmitate esterase were less affected. Methane oxidation potential was dramatically depressed in the polluted strata whereas tetrachloromethane dehalogenating activity was observed in the polluted sediment only. The sediment layers formed after the chlorine discharges into the lake had diminished to 1/10, and showed restoration of the activities close to those observed in non-recipient sediment, in spite of the persisting presence of >1000 mg of organic chlorine (kg dry wt)(-1). We conclude that certain enzymic activities involved in breakdown or oxidation of organic matter in the sediments are useful probes for assessing the degree of ecological damage and its potential for restoration in recipient lakes of industrial discharges.
This article was published in Environ Pollut and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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