alexa Evaluation of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and chemometrics as a rapid approach for sub-typing Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Davis R, Paoli G, Mauer LJ

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Abstract The importance of tracking outbreaks of foodborne illness and the emergence of new virulent subtypes of foodborne pathogens have created the need for rapid and reliable sub-typing methods for Escherichia coli O157:H7. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy coupled with multivariate statistical analyses was used for sub-typing 30 strains of E. coli O157:H7 that had previously been typed by multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and canonical variate analysis (CVA) of the FT-IR spectra resulted in the clustering of the same or similar MLVA types and separation of different MLVA types of E. coli O157:H7. The developed FT-IR method showed better discriminatory power than PFGE in sub-typing E. coli O157:H7. Results also indicated the spectral relatedness between different outbreak strains. However, the grouping of some strains was not in complete agreement with the clustering based on PFGE and MLVA. Additionally, HCA of the spectra differentiated the strains into 30 sub-clusters, indicating the high specificity and suitability of the method for strain level identification. Strains were also classified (97\% correct) based on the type of Shiga toxin present using CVA of the spectra. This study demonstrated that FT-IR spectroscopy is suitable for rapid (≤16 h) and economical sub-typing of E. coli O157:H7 with comparable accuracy to MLVA typing. This is the first report of using an FT-IR-based method for sub-typing E. coli O157:H7. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Food Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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