Author(s): Nthen MM, Cichon S, Rohleder H, Hemmer S, Franzek E,
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Abstract Previously reported linkage of bipolar affective disorder to DNA markers on chromosome 18 was reexamined in a large sample of German bipolar families. Twenty-three short tandem repeat markers were investigated in 57 families containing 103 individuals with bipolar I disorder (BPI), 26 with bipolar II disorder (BPII), nine with schizoaffective disorder of the bipolar type (SA/BP), and 38 individuals with recurrent unipolar depression (UPR). Evidence for linkage was tested with parametric and non-parametric methods under two definitions of the affected phenotype. Analysis of all 57 families revealed no robust evidence for linkage. Following previous reports we performed separate analyses after subdividing the families with respect to the sex of the transmitting parent. Fourteen families were classified as paternal and 12 families as maternal. In 31 families the parental lineage of transmission of the disease could not be determined ('either' families). Evidence for linkage was obtained for chromosomal region 18p11.2 in the paternal families and for 18q22-23 in the 'either' families. The findings on 18p11.2 and 18q22-23 support prior evidence for susceptibility loci in these regions. The parent-of-origin effect on 18p11.2 is confirmed in our sample. The delineation of characteristics of 'either' families requires further study.
This article was published in Mol Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy