alexa Evaluation of methods to estimate glomerular filtration rate versus actual drug clearance in patients with chronic spinal cord injury.


Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Lee JP, Dang AT

Abstract Share this page

Abstract STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate different methods of estimating renal function compared with patient-specific vancomycin and aminoglycoside (AG) clearance (CL(DRUG)) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to develop a new equation to more accurately estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in SCI patients in order to optimize dosing for vancomycin and AG. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center in California, United States of America, tertiary care facility with the largest inpatient SCI center in the VA system. METHODS: Retrospective data collection from patient records. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to obtain actual CL(DRUG,) which is compared with different methods of estimating GFR.A total of 310 patients were initially assessed; however, only 141 patients met the inclusion criteria, had a diagnosis of chronic SCI, and received vancomycin or AG with at least one drug level at steady state from January to December of 2008. RESULTS: All four equations evaluated to estimate GFR significantly overestimated CL(DRUG): the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation by 141\%, Cockcroft-Gault equation by 83\%, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation by 82\% and 24-h endogenous creatinine clearance by 71\% (P<0.001). The modified Cockcroft-Gault equation (CL(M)) showed improvement, however, still overestimated CL(DRUG) by 39\% (P<0.001). Thus, a new equation for SCI (CL(SCI)) was developed which underestimated CL(DRUG) by <5\% (P=0.16). CONCLUSION: Compared with different methods of estimating GFR, CL(SCI)=2.3 × x (0.7) (x equals CL(M) in ml min(-1)) more accurately estimates CL(DRUG) in chronic SCI patients. This article was published in Spinal Cord and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version