Author(s): Singh K, Kumar A, Langyan N, Ahuja M
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Abstract The present study was conducted to investigate the sustained-release properties of Mimosa pudica seed mucilage. Matrix tablets of diclofenac sodium containing different proportions of mucilage and dibasic calcium phosphate as diluent were formulated by wet granulation method. The tablets had uniform physical appearance, average weight, drug content, and adequate hardness. The results of in vitro release conducted using USP type II dissolution rate apparatus, in a dissolution media comprising of 900 mL of 0.1 N HCl for 2 h followed by phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) for 24 h at 37 degrees C and 50 rpm, revealed that as the proportion of mucilage in the matrix was increased there was a corresponding decrease in the release of drug. Further, the matrix tablets were found to release the drug following Higuchi square root release kinetics, with the mechanism of release being diffusion for tablets containing higher proportion of mucilage and a combination of matrix erosion and diffusion for tablets containing smaller proportion of mucilage. The swelling and erosion studies revealed that, as the proportion of mucilage in tablets was increased, there was a corresponding increase in percent swelling and a decrease in percent erosion of tablets. The SEM photomicrographs showed gelling structures in tablets containing higher percentage of mucilage, while both pores and gelling structures were present on the surface of tablets containing smaller proportion of mucilage and commercial formulation. On comparative evaluation, the dissolution profile from formulation containing mucilage to drug in the proportion of 1:40 was found to be similar to the commercial sustained-release formulation of diclofenac.
This article was published in AAPS PharmSciTech
and referenced in Biology and Medicine