Author(s): Mendigucha C, Moreno C, GarcaVargas M
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Abstract To evaluate both the natural and anthropogenic influences on surface waters of Guadalquivir River (SW-Spain), concentrations of dissolved trace metals (Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Cd, Zn, and Pb), inorganic nutrients (N-NH(4)(+), N-NO(3)(-), N-NO(2)(-), and P-PO(4)(3-)) and other variables as conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) and suspended solids (SS) were measured during a three-years period (2001-2003). Samples were taken at 26 stations twice a year, during rain and dry periods. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) suggested that temporal variations within the period of study were statistically negligible. Spatial distributions identified three different zones, mainly influenced by sewage (Eastern Zone), agriculture runoffs (Central Zone), and estuarine processes (Western Zone), respectively. Principal Component and Cluster Analysis allowed to identify the variables controlling the water quality of each zone as: N-NH(4)(+), N-NO(2)(-), Mn, and Co, (Eastern Zone), SS, and P-PO(4)(3-) (Central Zone), and Cd, pH and conductivity (Western Zone). Other variables such as Ni, Cu, Zn or N-NO(3)(-), influenced two different zones, while Pb presented a singular behavior.
This article was published in Chemosphere
and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research