Author(s): Ertel SI, Kohn J, Zimmerman MC, Parsons JR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The polymerization of desaminotyrosinetyrosylhexyl ester (DTH) with phosgene gives rise to poly(DTH carbonate), a new pseudopoly(amino acid). To evaluate the performance of this bioabsorbable material in orthopedic applications, the tissue responses elicited by compression-molded pins of poly(DTH carbonate) and clinically used polydioxanone pins (PDS; Orthosorb) were compared. The two types of pins were implanted in the paravertebral muscle and in the metaphyseal proximal tibia and distal femur of 10 White New Zealand Rabbits for 1, 2, 4, and 26 weeks. The tissue response was evaluated using histologic staining of soft- and hard-tissue sections, fluorescent bone marker of incorporation, and backscattered electron imaging. In soft tissue, both poly(DTH carbonate) and PDS elicited a mild inflammatory response resulting in encapsulation. During the disintegration phase, the PDS implants triggered a foreign body response involving the phagocytosis of polymeric debris by histiocytes and giant cells. No such response was observed for poly(DTH carbonate). In hard tissue, close bone apposition was observed throughout the 26-week test period for poly(DTH carbonate) implants. At the 26-week time point, the poly(DTH carbonate) implants exhibited surface erosion and were penetrated by new bone. In contrast, an intervening fibrous tissue layer was always present between the PDS pins and the bone. At 26 weeks, the PDS implants had partially resorbed and a foreign body response characterized by infiltration in several of the implantation sites. This study indicates that poly(DTH carbonate) and PDS exhibit fundamentally different interactions with hard tissue, and that poly(DTH carbonate) is a promising orthopedic implant material.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics