alexa Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pleural fluid.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Nagesh BS, Sehgal S, Jindal SK, Arora SK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis, a reemergent killer, is threatening to assume serious proportions all over the world, particularly in view of the AIDS pandemic. The detection of mycobacterial DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in clinical samples is a promising approach for the rapid diagnosis of tuberculous infections. The aims of this study were to evaluate PCR for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pleural fluids and to correlate the results with adenosine deaminase activity (ADA) estimation and acid-fast bacilli (AFB) screening. METHODS: The sensitivity and specificity of PCR in detection of mycobacterial DNA in 20 samples of tuberculous pleural effusion were evaluated using 40 samples of nontubercular pleural effusion as controls. The results were correlated with the ADA in all 60 pleural fluids. In addition, AFB detection by Ziehl-Neelsen staining on cytospin smears of all pleural fluids was also compared. RESULTS: Of the 20 samples of tuberculous pleural effusion, mycobacterium could be detected by AFB staining in 4 samples. Fourteen samples were PCR positive. None of the samples from the control group were AFB or PCR positive. The sensitivity of PCR, therefore, was 70.0\% with specificity of 100\% (positive predictive value, 100\%; negative predictive value, 86.95\%). The sensitivity of AFB screening was at best 20\%. The mean of ADA values in tubercular pleural effusions was 63.21 U/L (SD, 33.01), and the mean in the control samples was 51.1 U/L (SD, 29.71). Taking a cut-off value of 50 U/L, both the sensitivity and specificity of ADA estimation in diagnosing tuberculosis were only 55\%. CONCLUSION: PCR represents a rapid and sensitive method for the detection of mycobacterial DNA in tuberculous pleural effusions. AFB screening has low sensitivity, and ADA estimation has both low sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, when the clinical suspicion is high and smear result is negative, but the signs and symptoms of M tuberculosis are apparent, PCR is the method of choice for identifying the infection.
This article was published in Chest and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Global Experts Meeting On Cell and Gene Therapy
    April 25-26, 2018 Dubai, UAE
  • Cell Metabolism 2018
    September 19 - 20, 2018 Philadelphia, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords