Author(s): Lemos LM, Rocha TF, Conceio MV, Silva Ede L, Santos AH,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The main route of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children is from mother to child. The preventive measures established for the Aids Clinical Trial Group protocol 076 (ACTG 076) significantly reduces HIV vertical transmission rates. This study aims to evaluate the implementation of the ACTG 076 protocol in the maternity units of State of Sergipe, Brazilian northeast. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective study with a quantitative approach, with HIV positive women and children exposed, attending a Maternity reference for high-risk pregnancies. Data were obtained from patient records registered in the years 1994 to 2010. RESULTS: Amongst the 110 pregnant women and exposed newborns, the ACTG 076 protocol was fully utilized in only 31.8\% of the participants. During the prenatal period, zidovudine (ZDV) was taken by 79.1\% of the pregnant women. Only 49.1\% of HIV seropositive patients used ZDV during delivery. Two (1.8\%) children were considered infected and 50 (45.5\%) do not have a conclusive diagnosis to date. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant deficiencies in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, including lack of compliance with the three phases of the ACTG 076 protocol; inadequacies in prenatal care; inappropriate mode of delivery and lack of adequate follow up of exposed children.
This article was published in Rev Soc Bras Med Trop
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals