Author(s): Vajpayee RB, Sharma V, Sharma N, Panda A, Taylor HR
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Abstract AIM: To evaluate the three techniques of single continuous suturing-namely, torque, antitorque, and no torque in penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: 53 eyes of 53 patients underwent penetrating keratoplasty using torque (17 patients), antitorque (18 patients), and no torque (18 patients) suturing techniques in this prospective study. Patients were followed up at 4 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Keratometric, videokeratographic, refractive astigmatism, and best corrected visual acuity were determined in all the three groups at each follow up visit. Post-keratoplasty suture adjustment was done at 4 weeks, if the astigmatism was >3 dioptres. RESULTS: The initial astigmatism in the torque group was higher than in the other two groups, although it was not statistically significant. Following suture adjustment, there was a significant decrease in astigmatism in all the three groups (p<0.0001). However, no significant difference in the postoperative astigmatism at 3 months and at 6 months was seen among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The three techniques of single continuous suturing-that is, torque, antitorque, and no torque produce a similar final astigmatic results. Suture adjustment is an effective method of reducing post-penetrating keratoplasty astigmatism.
This article was published in Br J Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research