Author(s): Hill SL, Hijazi ZM, Hellenbrand WE, Cheatham JP
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the recently FDA-approved AMPLATZER Vascular Plug in the embolization of vascular lesions associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Fistulas and arteriovenous malformations have been occluded using various devices. The AMPLATZER Vascular Plug is a self-expandable, cylindrical device, used for embolization in the peripheral vasculature. METHODS: A total of 84 vessels in 52 patients with CHD from 11 centers were occluded with 89 AMPLATZER Vascular Plugs, delivered through a coronary guide catheter in various vascular sites, including collaterals, pulmonary arterio-venous and coronary artery fistulas, transhepatic tracts, central shunts, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and excluded hepatic vein. Complete vessel occlusion was demonstrated within 10 min in 94\% of patients. RESULTS: There was no device embolization, vascular disruption, or procedure-related complication. One vascular plug implanted in a large type C PDA required surgical removal followed by PDA ligation, after 5 weeks from successful implant because of significant residual flow through the device. CONCLUSIONS: The AMPLATZER Vascular Plug is an effective transcatheter occlusion device in the embolization of a wide variety of vascular lesions associated with CHD. Based on our early experience, caution should be used when considering the Vascular Plug as a closure device for large PDA.
This article was published in Catheter Cardiovasc Interv
and referenced in Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis