Author(s): Daz Herrera DF, Cruz Sui O, Montano Tamayo L, Silva Cabrera E, Daz Herrera DF, Cruz Sui O, Montano Tamayo L, Silva Cabrera E
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: antigen immobilization in solid supports is used for the development of several immunoassays. One of the first technologies developed was the protein adsorption by direct application to nitrocellulose. OBJECTIVE: to standardize the immobilization of a synthetic peptide of the HIV-2 transmembrane protein gp36 to nitrocellulose support for diagnostic purposes and to evaluate the performance parameters in a group of serum samples with recognized interesting reactivity. METHODS: the peptide was freely immobilized, conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) as carrier proteins. Immobilization parameters were analyzed and then, the optimal immobilization alternative was determined. Using the chosen variant, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity against reference panels of the AIDS Research Laboratory were evaluated. Analytical specificity was evaluated with reactive samples to HIV-1 and HTLV-1. RESULTS: the analysis of the immobilized peptide variants to nitrocellulose membranes showed that the gp36 peptide-BSA was the one that succeeded in setting the greatest differentiation between positive and negative samples. There were observed 100 \% sensitivity, 95.2 \% diagnostic specificity and 100 \% analytical specificity. CONCLUSIONS: the gp36-BSA peptide immobilized on nitrocellulose membranes showed efficacy for the serological diagnosis of HIV-2, which will allow considering this peptide for diagnostic uses in systems with nitrocellulose -based solid phase.
This article was published in Rev Cubana Med Trop
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research