Author(s): Grtzmann R, Rckert F, HippeDavies N, Distler M, Saeger HD
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Although postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH) is observed infrequently after pancreatic surgery, it remains a serious complication with a high rate of mortality. Recently, the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) issued a new definition for PPH. To evaluate and validate this new definition, we analyzed data retrospectively from our center. METHODS: Data from 945 patients who underwent pancreatic surgery in our department between October 1993 and December 2009 were identified retrospectively from our prospective database with regard to the occurrences of PPH. We graded the hemorrhages recorded in our database according to the ISGPS consensus definition. We assessed the clinical course, morbidity, mortality, and duration of hospital stay for patients with grade B and C PPHs in comparison with patients who underwent pancreatic resections without hemorrhage. RESULTS: Grade B PPH after pancreatic surgery occurred in 16 patients (1.7\%), and grade C PPH occurred in 38 patients (4.0\%). Mortality was significantly increased in PPH grades B and C compared with control patients (25.9\% vs 2.0\%; P < .001) and contributed to nearly one-half of the mortality in the present series. Morbidity was also increased in patients with grade B (76.5\%) and C (94.6\%) PPH compared with control patients (59.6\%; P < .001). Grade B and C PPH correlated significantly with the incidence of grade C postoperative pancreatic fistula (14.8\% vs 1.9\%), grade C delayed gastric emptying (18.5\% vs 4.0\%), and wound infection (38.9\% vs 13.5\%) compared with control patients. CONCLUSION: This is the first clinical evaluation of the ISGPS PPH definition. Our data indicate that the new definition correlates well with morbidity, mortality, and duration of hospital stay. The definition, therefore, seems suitable for clinical and scientific applications. Copyright Â© 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Surgery
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals