alexa Evaluation of the protective efficacy of the killed Coccidioides immitis spherule vaccine in humans. The Valley Fever Vaccine Study Group.


Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Pappagianis D

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A vaccine consisting of formaldehyde-killed spherules of Coccidioides immitis, previously shown to provide protection against development of lethal coccidioidomycosis in laboratory animals, was evaluated in humans. This double blind "Phase 3" study, conducted during the period 1980 to 1985, involved 2,867 healthy subjects with no history of coccidioidomycosis and negative skin tests. Randomized into vaccine (n = 1,436) or placebo (n = 1,431) groups, the former received three intramuscular injections of 1.75 mg (dry weight) of spherules, the latter received three injections of sterile 0.85\% NaCl solution. Compatible clinical presentation with cultural or serologic findings permitted detection of coccidioidomycosis. Of those receiving vaccine, nine developed coccidioidomycosis and nine additional were suspected of having the disease. Of the group receiving placebo, 12 developed coccidioidomycosis, and 13 additional were suspected of having the disease. All cases and suspected cases were mild. Under the conditions of this study, a slight but statistically insignificant reduction in the incidence of coccidioidomycosis was noted in the vaccinated group compared with that in the placebo group, and there was no discernible difference in severity of disease between these groups. This article was published in Am Rev Respir Dis and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version