alexa Evaluation of the SPf66 vaccine for malaria control when delivered through the EPI scheme in Tanzania.


Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Author(s): Acosta CJ, Galindo CM, Schellenberg D, Aponte JJ, Kahigwa E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Malaria control programmes need to protect young children, who bear the brunt of malaria disease and death in Africa. The development of a vaccine is a priority if improved and sustained malaria control is to be achieved. The best use of a vaccine in Africa will be achieved if it can be delivered through the expanded programme of immunization (EPI). We conducted a trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of SPf66 vaccine for malaria control when delivered through the EPI scheme in Tanzania. METHODS: The study was a two-arm, double blind, individually randomized placebo controlled trial involving 1207 infants. The primary objective of the trial was to estimate the efficacy of three doses of SPf66 given at 1, 2 and 7 months of age in preventing clinical episodes of malaria. These were documented through a health facility-based passive case detection system. RESULTS: Among 1207 randomized children, overall compliance for third dose was 91\%. SPf66 was safe, immunogenic and did not interfere with the humoral immune responses to EPI vaccines. There were 294 children among SPf66 recipients and 288 among placebo recipients with at least one malaria episode, yielding a vaccine efficacy estimate of 2\% (95\% CI: -16, 16; P = 0.84). CONCLUSION: This has been the first trial of a malaria vaccine among very young infants. It provides information on the safety of peptide vaccines administered at this early age as well as their capacity to induce immune responses without negatively interacting with EPI vaccines. Given the modest protection previously documented in older age groups and the lack of efficacy in younger infants, this vaccine in its current alum-based formulation does not appear to have a role in malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of efficacy found in this trial also raises concerns about potential difficulties of inducing protective immune responses against malaria through immunization in infants.
This article was published in Trop Med Int Health and referenced in Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version