Author(s): Kuo JH, Jan MS, Sung KC
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Abstract Under ultrasound exposure, the stability of plasmid DNA protected by polymer-based gene delivery system is an important factor for achieving optimal transfection into cells. We have evaluated the effectiveness of various polymer-based plasmid DNA delivery systems, which are interactive polymers and cationic polymers, to avoid shear degradation induced by ultrasound exposure. Alternatively, it is shown that sonication of plasmid DNA for exposure time as low as 10s resulted in total DNA fragmentation and the loss of transfection potency in NIH/3T3 cells. Among these polymer-based plasmid DNA delivery systems, only cationic polymers had the ability to provide the protection of plasmid DNA from ultrasonic degradation as indicated by the reservation in supercoiled circular (SC) and open circular (OC) forms of plasmid DNA on the agarose gel electrophoresis. The DNA stability protected by cationic polymers decreased after ultrasound exposure in 1M sodium chloride solution. Also, higher molecular weight of cationic polymers and sufficient cationic polymer/DNA weight ratios are essential to prevent DNA from degradation under ultrasound exposure in aqueous or salt solution. These results suggest that the protective mechanism by cationic polymers is due to the attractive bonding between cationic polymer and negative plasmid DNA. Whereas, DNA condensation alone provoked by the addition of polyethylene glycols was not sufficient to resist the DNA fragmentation induced by ultrasound exposure.
This article was published in Int J Pharm
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology